So-Called “Puppy Mills” Are Not All As Bad As We Think, Pioneering Research Suggests

So-Called “Puppy Mills” Are Not All As Bad As We Think, Pioneering Research Suggests

New research challenges the popular notion that all commercial breeding kennels are inhumane.

(© sommai/Adobe Stock)


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Kim Kavin
Kim Kavin is a lifelong journalist who has been reporting on and writing about the dog industry for nearly a decade. Her 2012 book Little Boy Blue and her 2016 book The Dog Merchants both won national awards. More recently, Kim won the 2019 Donald Robinson Prize for Investigative Journalism for a piece in The Washington Post that documented a multimillion-dollar river of cash flowing from rescue nonprofits, shelters and dog-advocacy groups through dog auctions into the pockets of dog breeders. Kim lives in New Jersey with her two adopted shelter mutts. Learn more about her at www.kimkavin.com
Therapies for Healthy Aging with Dr. Alexandra Bause
Sabine van Erp / Pixabay

My guest today is Dr. Alexandra Bause, a biologist who has dedicated her career to advancing health, medicine and healthier human lifespans. Dr. Bause co-founded a company called Apollo Health Ventures in 2017. Currently a venture partner at Apollo, she's immersed in the discoveries underway in Apollo’s Venture Lab while the company focuses on assembling a team of investors to support progress. Dr. Bause and Apollo Health Ventures say that biotech is at “an inflection point” and is set to become a driver of important change and economic value.


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Matt Fuchs
Matt Fuchs is the host of the Making Sense of Science podcast and served previously as the editor-in-chief of Leaps.org. He writes as a contributor to the Washington Post, and his articles have also appeared in the New York Times, WIRED, Nautilus Magazine, Fortune Magazine and TIME Magazine. Follow him @fuchswriter.
This man spent over 70 years in an iron lung. What he was able to accomplish is amazing.

Paul Alexander spent more than 70 years confined to an iron lung after a polio infection left him paralyzed at age 6. Here, Alexander uses a mirror attached to the top of his iron lung to view his surroundings.

Allison Smith / The Guardian

It’s a sight we don’t normally see these days: A man lying prone in a big, metal tube with his head sticking out of one end. But it wasn’t so long ago that this sight was unfortunately much more common.

In the first half of the 20th century, tens of thousands of people each year were infected by polio—a highly contagious virus that attacks nerves in the spinal cord and brainstem. Many people survived polio, but a small percentage of people who did were left permanently paralyzed from the virus, requiring support to help them breathe. This support, known as an “iron lung,” manually pulled oxygen in and out of a person’s lungs by changing the pressure inside the machine.

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Sarah Watts

Sarah Watts is a health and science writer based in Chicago.